ANNWN YORKSHIRE TERRIERS
Breeding Information

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Raising Puppies

Breeding your Yorkie

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Breeding Menu



Week 1 (DAYS 1 - 7)

Week 2 (DAYS 8 - 14)

Week 3 (DAYS 15 - 21)

Week 4 (DAYS 22 - 28)

Week 5 (DAYS 29 - 35)

Week 6 (DAYS 36 - 42)

Week 7 (DAYS 43 - 49)

Week 8 (DAYS 50 - 56)

Week 9 to Week 11(DAYS 57 - 77)

Week 12 (DAYS 50 - 56)




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Raising Puppies Guideline



WEEK ONE (DAYS 1-7)

Development of the puppies

90% of time spent sleeping
10% eating
Susceptible to heat/cold
Instinctive reflexes: crawl, seek warmth, nurse
They can right themselves if placed upside down
Needs stimulation for urination/defecation
Rapid development of central nervous system
Need constant care from female
Rectal temperatures 94-97 degrees Farenheit
Pups may lose 10% of weight after birth, but should start gaining again
Weight should double by end of week

Care of the puppies

Chart weight daily (2 x daily first 2 days)
Examine puppies daily
Trim nails weekly
Keep whelping box around 85 F/29 C (this means if it's hotter than that out, put a fan in the room or turn on the air conditioning, if it's colder than that get a heat lamp to put above the whelping box)  When you handle the puppies, it's a good idea use a towel when you hold them  The puppies urinate upon stimulation and will inevitably find your attention stimulating! Dew claw and tail docking must be done between day three and day five, schedule this with your vet.

Care of the female

Keep dam on fluids for first 24 hours (i.e.. chicken broth, etc.)
Feed three full meals a day after that
Ask vet about supplements
If puppies are fussy, you could supplement female with Vitamin B complex, ask your vet
Check mammary glands twice daily (looking for signs of mastitis -- swelling, hardness, pus, etc.)
Keep an eye on vaginal discharge (looking for signs of infection)
Make sure female eats, drinks, and relieves herself

To do list

Keep detailed records on puppies' weight and behavior
Keep charting female's temperature
Call puppy buyers with results of whelping


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WEEK TWO (DAYS 8-14)

Development of the puppies

Eyes should open around days 8-10
Ears should open around days 13-17
Temperatures should be around 97-99F/36-37C

Care of the puppies

Keep whelping box around 80-83F/26-28C
Begin holding puppies in different ways (applying light stress)
Trim nails weekly

Care of the female

Female should get three times her normal amount of food

To do list

Continue as above


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WEEK THREE (DAYS 15-21)

Development of the puppies

Teeth begin to erupt
Puppies stand up and start walking
Begin to lap liquids
Defecate/urinate without stimulation
Start becoming aware of environment
Start playing with littermates
Develop sense of smell
Puppies will start to discriminate as to where to relieve themselves

Care of the puppies

Start adding stimuli (toys) to puppies' life
Start giving specific stresses when handling (i.e.. pinch an ear or toe gently).
Start giving pups milk replacer to lap for one meal a day -- after two days, add some very mushy food
Weigh puppies every 2 days
Give puppies a dirty shirt of yours to play with
Start weekly grooming sessions (brush, trim nails, look at teeth, etc.)

Care of the female

Continue as above

To do list

Purchase milk replacer to feed puppies, ask your vet


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WEEK FOUR (DAYS 22-28)

Development of the puppies

Begin to eat food
Begin to bark, wag tails, bite, paw, bare teeth, growl and chase
Use legs well
Tire easily
Depth perception starts

Care of the puppies

Keep mom with them a lot!  Things can get overwhelming at this age and Mom will add stability for them
Each pup needs individual attention
Offer food that is the consistency of cooked oatmeal

Care of the female

Continue as above

To do list

Start limiting female's access to pups before offering them food


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WEEK FIVE (DAYS 29-35)

Development of the puppies

Group activities and sexual play will begin
Dominance order starts
Rapid growth/development

Care of the puppies

Reduce fluids in puppies' food
Make sure other people start coming to see pups
Begin weaning
Play radio at normal volume near pups for 5 minutes at a time

Care of the female

Start reducing amount of food to discourage milk development
Keep a careful eye on mammary glands

To do list

Discuss vaccination schedule with veterinarian


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WEEK SIX (DAYS 26-42)

Development of the puppies

Growth and development continue

Care of the puppies

Offer soft, damp food
Chart weekly weight
Individual attention crucial -- give each puppy time with you away from litter

Care of the female

To prepare female for weaning: Day 1 -- no food
Day 2 -- 1/4 normal maintenance meal
Day 3 -- 1/2 normal maintenance meal
Day 4 -- 3/4 normal maintenance meal
Day 5 -- full amount of normal maintenance meal
Keep female on puppy food for several weeks to help her recover from the strain of breeding, whelping, and raising puppies
Keep careful eye on mammary glands

To do list

Continue as above


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WEEK SEVEN (DAYS 43-49)

Development of the puppies

Total hearing/visual capacity
Will investigate anything
Can't respond yet to name

Care of the puppies

Pups should be weaned and on regular puppy food
Pups can not go to new homes

Care of the female

Keep careful eye on mammary glands until milk is completely dried up
To do list

Continue as above


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WEEK EIGHT (DAYS 50-56)

Development of the puppies

First fear period
Starts learning name

Care of the puppies

Don't ship puppies
Can start training puppies in small steps

Care of the female

Continue as above

To do list

Continue as above


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WEEK 9 - WEEK 11 (DAYS 57-77)

Development of the puppies

Develops strong dominant and subordinate behavior among littermates
Begins to learn right behavior
Motor skills improve
Short attention span
Starts focusing attention on owner rather than other puppies
Separate littermates
Start house training

Care of the puppies

Continue lots of individual attention


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WEEK TWELVE +(DAYS 77-84)

Development of the puppies

Safe to ship puppies by air at the end of week twelve


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Information gathered off the WWW, books and advice.