CwnAnnwn Breeding Considerations


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Pregnancy




Pregnancy Guideline

WEEK ONE (DAYS 1 - 7)

Development of the puppies


Fertilization occurs.
2 cell embryos are in the oviduct.
The embryo is fairly resistant to external interference in development.

Changes in the female


Possible morning sickness.
Possible personality changes.

Care of the female


Normal feeding.
Check any and all medications with vet prior to administering.
No insecticides (i.e., flea treatments).
No live vaccines.

To do list


Put together pedigree on litter.
Write contract.
Contact CKC for litter registration application.
Start taking puppy reservations.

WEEK TWO (DAYS 8-14)

Development of the puppies


Embryo will be 4 cell at start of week and 64 cell by end of week.
Embryo enters the uterus.

Changes in the female


Possible morning sickness.

Care of the female

Continue as with Week One.

To do list


Nothing special this week.

WEEK THREE (DAYS 15-21)

Development of the puppies


Day 19 the embryos implants onto uterus.

Changes in the female


Possible morning sickness.

Care of the female


Continue as with Week One.

To do list


Nothing special this week.

WEEK FOUR (DAYS 22-28)


Development of the puppies


Development of eyes and spinal cords.
Faces take shape.
Fetuses grow from 5-10 mm to 14-15 mm.
Embryos are at their most susceptible to defects.
Days 26 - 32 are the best days to palpitate (i.e.. feel for the puppies)

Changes in the female


Possible clear vaginal discharge Mammary development begins

Care of the female


After Day 26, palpitation may be possible to diagnose pregnancy.
Limit strenuous activity (such as working, jumping, long runs.
Add 1/4 cup cottage cheese or a hard boiled egg to food on alternating days.

To do list


Schedule ultrasound or palpitation with vet if desired.

WEEK FIVE (DAYS 29-35)

Development of the puppies.


Development of toes, whisker buds, and claws.
Fetuses look like dogs.
Gender can be determined.
Eyes (previously open) now close.
Fetuses grow from 18 mm - 30 mm.
Embryos are fairly resistant to interference with development.

Changes in the female


Swelling becomes noticeable.
Loss of "tuck-up" at her abdomen.
Weight will start to increase.

Care of the female


Slightly increase amount of food and switch to puppy kibble.
If you feed one meal a day, add an extra meal.
If you feed twice a day, slightly increase one of the meals.
Add daily multi-vitamin.
Palpitation no longer possible due to fluids in uterus.

To do list


Nothing special this week.

WEEK SIX (DAYS 36-42)

Development of the puppies


Development of skin pigment.
Fetuses should weigh around 6 grams and be 45 mm long.
Fetal heartbeats can be heard with stethoscope.

Changes in the female


Nipples darken and enlarge.
Abdomen continues to enlarge.

Care of the female


Add cottage cheese or hard boiled egg to food daily.
Increase the amount of food in the extra meal. female should start sleeping in whelping box.

To do list


Assemble whelping box.
By this time you should be fairly sure that the female is pregnant.
Notify the people on your puppy list.
Let them know when you expect delivery.


WEEK SEVEN (DAYS 43-49)

Development of the puppies


Growth and development continues.

Changes in the female


Abdomen hair will start shedding.
The female will start to look pregnant at this point.

Care of the female


Slightly increase both meals.

To do list


Stop any roughhousing or jumping.
Radiographs (X-rays) possible to determine number and size of puppies.

WEEK EIGHT (DAYS 50-57)

Development of the puppies


Fetal movement can be detected when female is at rest.
Puppies can safely be born from now on.

Changes in the female

Milk may be squeezed from nipples.
The female will be very large.

Care of the female


Add moderate lunch.

To do list


Gather whelping kit (see
Whelping).

Prepare phone list for help/support.
It should include your vet's phone number, the emergency clinic's phone number, the number of any friends who will be offering support during whelping, and anyone else you might need to contact before, during, or after whelping (like your office to let them know you won't be in!).
Make sure your car is gassed up and ready for a possible emergency trip to the vet's office.

WEEK NINE (DAYS 58-65)

Development of the puppies


Growth and Development continues.

Changes in the female


Nesting behavior may be seen.
Female may become distressed (panting, pacing, acting uncomfortable).
Temperature should be around 100.2-100.8 degrees Fahrenheit.
When temperature drops to around 98-99.4 degrees Fahrenheit, puppies should be born within 24 hours.
Appetite may disappear as whelping approaches.

Care of the female


Start taking temperature three times a day.

To do list


Notify vet or emergency clinic when temperature drops so that they will be ready if you have any problems.
Keep detailed records on temperature and behavior of female.
Double check that whelping supplies are ready.

POST PARTUM

Make sure each puppy gets some of the female's colostrum (first milk) within first 24 hours.
Lochia (vaginal discharge) should be reddish to reddish-brown green is okay on first day).
If you see black or dark green discharge, contact your vet immediately!
Within 5-6 hours of last puppy's birth, take female and puppies to vet for check up.
The vet will ensure that the female hasn't retained any puppies or placentas and that the puppies are in good health.
You especially want to check for cleft palates as these puppies probably won't survive and should be euthanized now.

Information gathered off the WWW, books, experience and advice.


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